Customs and traditions
Salvadorans often take pride in being hospitable
and are happy to express pride in their country. Showing
respect for other people is important. This is done, for
example, by nailing, greeting politely and using titles.
Younger people show respect for the elderly, and people
with low status show respect for those with high status.
Although the customs and customs of indigenous
peoples have ended up in the cloud, certain traditions,
such as the healing arts, are still alive. The medicine
man - e l curandero - gives advice and cures illnesses
with the help of herbs, breweries and special rites. It
is often an option for the poor who cannot afford to go
to the doctor and pay for modern medicines. The belief
in the evil eye is great and, for example, is considered
to be a common cause of fever in young children. All
children are given red clothes or small red bracelets to
protect against the evil eye.
Overview of the capital city of El Salvador, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Since the 1980s, many Salvadorans have migrated
illegally to the United States and some have returned.
Migration has contributed to an Americanization of
Salvadoran society. Those who can afford dress American
and buy American products. Among the upper class, many
have studied abroad and can speak English.
Know and label
It is important to greet when you enter a store and
when you meet people on the street in small villages,
even if you do not know each other.
You are usually greeted by taking a light hand, but
you can also nod slightly with your head. Women often
greet each other by placing their hands on each other's
forearms, rather than shaking hands. Girlfriends who
have not been seen for a long time often hug when they
greet. Cheek kisses are also common.
It is important to look the one you are greeting in
the eyes. Titles are used together with the last name to
show respect and are especially important when greeting
older people, or those with higher social status. Only
first name is used only when greeting people you know.
In business meetings, Salvadorans are relatively
formal and structured. The meetings are often initiated
with important cold talk when building relationships.
Often, the meeting continues over a meal, to which you
are invited, without sharing the costs. It is considered
unpleasant to say no. Decisions are normally made by the
one with the highest rank.
Anyone who is home invited to anyone should never
come exactly at the appointed time. It is considered
nonsensical. Arrived 30-45 minutes after the scheduled
time. Business meetings, on the other hand, often start
at the appointed time. Some small shops, mainly in the
countryside, close for lunch.
Guests are expected to show respect, courtesy, warmth
and friendship. Salvadorans sincerely appreciate the
praise of their country, home, children and garden. It
is considered polite to bid again when you have been
invited to someone. Avoid talking business at social
Anyone traveling should check the safety of the place
where they are going, preferably avoid bus and
preferably not walk around with valuables. If you are
robbed, it is good advice to immediately release
everything you have.
If you are visiting someone for the first time you
should bring a small gift, preferably flowers or some
candy. If the gift is wrapped, you usually open it when
you receive it. Do not give knives or scissors as gifts.
Don't give away lilies either, it is considered a
Do not yawn without holding your hand. Don't touch
people. To show the length of people, the whole hand is
held out and the palm forward. Holding the palm down is
to show the height of animals, and is considered an
insulting gesture to humans.
Pride and honor are important concepts. It is
therefore important not to express personal criticism to
others. It can damage the person's reputation.
Salvadorans often express themselves more indirectly
than Swedes. A direct way of expression can be perceived
as unpleasant and aggressive. The indirect way of
expressing also means avoiding telling the absolute
truth if it can upset someone. Therefore, a yes need not
mean yes. As a Swedish, you may need to ask questions in
several different ways to get clarity on which answer
If one is home invited to someone, the host says buen
provecho (tasty meal), as an invitation to start eating.
It is considered polite to taste all the dishes served.
Meals play an important social function and often extend
over time. The conversations are often lively. It is
considered impolite to leave an invitation immediately
after the meal, you should stay at least an hour and
socialize. Guests should praise the values of the
food, as an expression of their welcome.
Black and red beans, fried beans, corn, rice, eggs
and fruits are basic commodities in Salvadoran cuisine.
Corn flour is baked into tortillas - flat bread eaten
for just about every meal. On festive occasions, you are
happy to eat tamales, meat or chicken stuffed corn
dough. Atol is a popular corn drink. Typical lunch foods
are pupusa (breads of corn or wheat flour stuffed with
fried beans, pumpkin kernels or cheese. Sometimes they
also contain bacon, meat, shrimp or chicken). Casamiento
is a well-seasoned blend of rice and beans. Coffee, soda
and sweet fruit juices are the most common drinks.
Most restaurants are simple chops where you order
your food from a list next to the kitchen. Fast food
restaurants are found in the big cities and are quite
expensive. There are also fine restaurants where you
order from a menu at the table.
It is important to be whole, clean and neatly
dressed. Especially great emphasis is placed on the
shoes which should be neat and well plastered. It's warm
and people wear summer clothes all year round. During
the winter months you may need a small jacket in the
At work meetings, men often wear a suit, women wear.
Those who work in offices often wear a suit or costume
every day. In the country, men often wear long-sleeved
unbuttoned shirt, tucked into their pants and a hat on
their head to protect from the sun. School children
often wear uniforms.
In El Salvador most festivals Catholic affiliation.
However, many have become increasingly secular with
time. Easter is an important holiday. Large statues of
Jesus and the cross are carried around in processions.
In some places, streets are closed off and adorned with
beautiful carpets of colored sawdust, salt and flowers.
On Fridays before Easter you do not eat meat. Seafood is
typically Easter food, as is toast with honey. Many
Salvadoran families go to the beach during Easter week.
May 1st demonstrates trade unions and authorities
shut down. On May 3, Día de la Cruz, the day of the
cross, will mark the beginning of the rainy season.
Indigenous fertility rites and Catholic customs are
mixed. You place a cross in the garden and decorate it
with flowers, fruit and girls in hope of good harvest
On August 6, El Salvador del Mundo, the Savior of the
World, is celebrated. It is perhaps the country's most
important festival. Religious and social activities take
place for a whole week. A large parade is held in the
capital San Salvador. The party is also called La
Bajada, or Transfiguración.
On Independence Day, September 15, parades with music
and drill girls will be held in the country's schools.
The President is giving a speech to the nation. On
October 12, Dia de la Raza, or Día de la Hispanidad is
celebrated in memory of Columbus's arrival in America.
Some also call the day Resistance Day, with the aim of
the indigenous people's bloody loss to the colonizers.
Children usually dress in traditional clothing on this
Christmas is celebrated big and really starts in
early December with the celebration of the pregnant
Mary. Then follows the celebration of Guadalupe, when
the Virgin Mary revealed herself to the Indian Juan
Diego. The children dress up in traditional clothes.
Dance and sound bangs are important elements of the
parties. On Christmas Eve you usually go to church and
then you have dinner, the whole family together. The
children celebrate Christmas Eve by banging the
firecrackers while they wait for the Jesus child to come
with presents. On Christmas Day you go to church and
some go to the beach.
Many villages organize a party every year to
celebrate their village saint. Then folk dances are
often an important element. There are many traditional
dances, most of them Native American. Often masks and
clothing are used. The dances, for example, can
symbolize a hunt or resistance to the colonizers.