Customs and traditions
In Ecuador, traditions, customs and customs
can differ significantly between different regions and
different peoples. Below is a description that can be
said to apply to a majority of the population. The
central concept of etiquette in all social groups is
(respect). Being treated with respect gives a person
(dignity). Most relationships are governed by whether
respect - or desprecio
(disrespect) - shows the individuals in between. To
demand respect is to show that one is
a nationalist term used across all social boundaries.
The most common way to both say goodbye is to take
each other's hand. After a dinner or a party, it is
customary to say goodbye to everyone and walk around and
take care. Women who know each other well can be kissed,
while male friends usually give each other a hug.
Whistling, pointing or screaming to catch someone's
attention can be perceived as unfair.
Overview of the capital city of Ecuador, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
It happens that guests receive a small gift when they
A bus driver who draws a circle in the air with his
index finger tells the person who is passing by a bus
stop that the bus is full. To show the way, Ecuadorians
sometimes raise their chin to say "walk the street up"
and lower the chin to tell you to "walk the street
Ecuadorians usually eat their main meal in the middle
of the day, usually between 2 pm and 4 pm. While people
on the coast mainly eat fish, rice and beans, the meals
among the mountain people consist more of meat, potatoes
and corn. Different varieties of bread and soup are
common. Ecuadorian dishes include seco de chivo
(stew on goat), patacones (green bananas fried
in oil, mashed and fried again) and ceviche
(fish or seafood marinated in lime juice and seasoned
with onions, tomatoes, coriander and chilli). Ecuadorian
coffee drinks thick and strong. Api is a hot
drink made from ground corn. There are many different
kinds of fruits, such as a plethora of banana varieties
and the South American Najan Jill whose juice
is often drunk for breakfast.
In the cities, Western clothing has almost completely
broken through. Young people often wear jeans. Costume
is common among adult men at more formal events and in
business. Westerners are not expected to wear anything
other than Western clothing.
In the countryside, more traditional clothing, which
varies from region to region and between different
ethnic groups, is common. Men in the Otavalu area often
dress in a blue poncho and white pants that reach the
calves. A kind of felt hat is also common. The Otavalu
women dress in white blouse with blue skirt and shawl.
They often wear necklaces in several layers and red
coral bracelets. Indigenous people in western Chimborazo
wear red poncho. Sandals are generally common, as are
various types of hats. Some urinals - both men and women
- have long hair in the ponytail (men usually cut this
off when / if they are doing military service).
Among miseries, it is common for women to wear a
hand-woven skirt, a straw hat and long shawls (serapes).
The men have loose sitting shirt and trousers.
Holidays and national symbols
As Ecuador is largely a Catholic country, holidays
and traditions follow the Christian church year with
Christmas and Easter as the most important holidays.
Christmas, New Year, thirteenth weekend and Easter are
celebrated with large family gatherings. Many saints
have had their own days, sometimes marked by pilgrimage.
Indigenous people often mix the Catholic customs with
traditional customs and customs that can vary
considerably between the different ethnic groups.
Sometimes, for example, Catholic saints merge with
native gods. Elements of shamanism are common among
Catholics in the Amazon. There are also a small number
of Ecuadorians who still fully profess to animist
religions (Andrew Faith).
There are special Ecuadorian elements in the
celebration of the feasts even among more pure
Catholics. During Easter week, for example, it is
tradition to cook a special fish soup, fanesca,
with twelve different ingredients that symbolize the
twelve apostles. On All Saints Day, a drink made from
flour and fruits is drank.
There are also many festivals and parades that are
not celebrated for religious reasons. Among the
ceremonies that follow the life cycle are the baptism,
the Quinceañeran (girls' 15th birthday, see
Social Conditions), wedding and funeral. Many secular
celebrations are local or regional. In December, a
festival will be held in Quito, including bullfighting
and sporting events on the program. Guayaquil celebrates
its Independence Day from Spain on October 9. The same
does the city of Cuenca on November 3. In Otavalo, the
Yamor Festival is held in early September to mark the
end of the harvest time for corn - a symbol of fertility
and generosity. In the city of Ambato, November 2 is the
Day of the Dead, in Guaranda a carnival is held before
the fast. The festival in San Juan Bautista (John the
Baptist) is celebrated in particular by the indigenous
people in the mountain areas of the north with dance and
music. At many of the festivals and holidays special
food and drink as well as music are given elements.
On August 10 each year, Ecuador's independence from
the colonial power of Spain is celebrated and on May 24
the "Battle of Pichincha" (1822) is celebrated after
which Ecuador broke away from Spain.
Columbus's arrival in America is noticed on October
12, but, as elsewhere, it has become increasingly
controversial because of the devastation in the wake of
European colonization. Since 2011, it is therefore
celebrated as the Day of Interculturalism and
Multinationality (Día de la Interculturalidad y la
The state of emergency is canceled
The state of emergency that was introduced during the unrest in September is
lifted. Military who have since guarded government buildings are now returning
to their barracks.
Police revolt shakes the country
A riot breaks out among the country's police officers after President Correa
introduced a law that the police force believes would limit public servants -
including the police - salary benefits. In protest of the law, a large number of
police in barracks around the country barricade themselves and block off roads.
The National Assembly's building is occupied and tires are set on fire in the
streets of major cities. Correa himself is attacked with tear gas when he comes
to talk to the police. The president is forced to visit hospitals, where he gets
trapped by angry police. Only after several hours can he leave the building with
the help of army soldiers. By that time, violent clashes between police and
soldiers are taking place outside the building. Two police officers are killed
and over 70 people are shot dead. The Correa government describes the uprising
as a coup attempt, driven by the political opposition. A state of emergency is
announced. The day after, the country's highest police chief resigns. A few days
after the police revolt, more than 40 police officers are arrested, suspected of
attempted murder, stamping of rebellion and misconduct. At the same time, the
government raises the salaries of certain positions within the police and
military, and promises an overview of the law that was the origin of the revolt.
UN Non-Exploitation Agreement
The government signs an agreement with the UN to refrain from exploiting oil
resources in a particularly fragile area of the Amazon, the Yasuní Reserve,
against payment. Under the agreement, which is the first of its kind, the
payment is to equal half of what Ecuador had expected to get in the oil in
Yasuní, which has one-fifth of the country's oil assets. The money will come
from a fund built up with funds from Western countries. The settlement is
welcomed by the indigenous people living in the area.
Nationalization in the oil and gas industry
A law comes into force that gives the Ecuadorian state full ownership of all
the oil and gas produced in the country. The state is thus increasing its
control over the oil industry in Ecuador. Foreign oil companies are given 180
days to adapt to the decision or leave the country.
Renovation in the government
President Rafael Correa is undergoing a major transformation of government.
He has previously complained to a number of ministers in whose fields not enough
progress has been made.
Guayaquil protest against the government
In the largest city of Guayaquil there is a large demonstration against the
Correa government. The protest campaign is led by the city's conservative mayor