Customs and traditions
Society is in many and very hierarchical.
People gain respect because of age, experience and
position. Those who are shown such respect are also
expected to take responsibility. Therefore, the oldest
person in the family or at work is the one to make
The family is central to the social pattern. The
family provides support and advice and in return
receives strong loyalty. You spend close family and
family time, although three generations rarely live
together other than in the countryside. It is common for
children to live at home until they get married.
Overview of the capital city of Colombia, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Men take hold, and women often grab their forearms
instead of shaking hands when they greet. Common
greeting phrases are buenos slides (good day),
buenas tardes (good afternoon) or buenas
noches (good night / good evening). Between friends
you can greet with kisses on the right cheek for women
and hug and pat on the shoulder for men.
Like others in the Spanish-speaking world, most
Colombians use double surnames, one from the father and
one from the mother. The father's last name is written
first and used in daily speech. New acquaintances are
addressed with both title and surname.
Gifts are given on birthdays, Christmas and thirteen.
Girls' 15th birthday is an important milestone in life,
and then a gold jewelery is common as a gift.
When you are invited home you can bring fruit, potted
plants or fine chocolate. Flowers should be sent in
advance. Roses are popular, but lilies and tages are
used at funerals.
It's not nice to come half an hour or even an hour
late for an invitation, unlike a business meeting.
At the table
Table condition can be quite formal. You are assigned
a place first and are offered a good deal before you go.
The oldest is served first. It is considered polite to
taste everything that is offered.
A typical dinner in a middle-class family may consist
of fruit, soup and main course of meat or fish with rice
or potatoes. In poorer families, there are often more
carbohydrate dishes. The dessert is often very sweet,
made on a panel, a form of brown sugar.
The food culture is changing. In the countryside
inland you can get a hearty breakfast of pork, rice and
beans, cooking bananas, and a large roast with fried
eggs. The dinner is similar, except for the eggs. On the
coast you eat more seafood. In Cartagena, a typical
lunch consists of rice with coconut, fried bananas and
At parties, especially in Bogotá, you can eat
ajiaco, a stew or a soup with three types of
potatoes, chicken and corn. It is served with capers,
cream and avocado. Another dish at festivals is
pasteles, including rice, chicken, vegetables,
olives and potatoes. The dish is wrapped in cabbage
leaves and banana leaves and is typically on Christmas
Eve on the Caribbean coast. Colombians drink a lot of
beer and coffee but a little wine and milk.
Among the middle and upper classes in cities, the
style of clothing is similar to that of North America
and Europe. In Bogotá you can see shoe polishers with
neckties and secretaries with very high heels, beautiful
dresses and lots of jewelry and makeup. In the lowlands,
men wear Guayabera shirts and chinos.
In rural areas, people often wear the same clothes in
the home as when working in the fields. The men usually
have loose-fitting and fairly wide trousers, and the
women have loose-fitting skirts. A mantle or mantle is
common in the chilly highlands.
Punctuality is important, although five minutes of
delay is okay. The agenda is often a starting point, but
not always followed. It is crucial to create
relationships, and it is worth spending time on it. A
meeting is going on as long as it is needed, you should
not try to speed up the discussion.
It is important to pay attention to indirect
communication, which is common. Body language and
context can say more than direct words. Anyone who is
straightforward has to put on a band so as not to hurt,
as it is important to maintain face and relationship.
Although Colombians get excited, it should not be
confused with aggressiveness. It is important to avoid
confrontation. If someone makes a mistake, you must not
make it public, because the person loses their face.
A number of church celebrations are also national
holidays. Important are the thirteenth day, Easter, all
Saints' Day (November 1), the spot of the Immaculate
Conception (December 8) and Christmas. A number of
saints are also celebrated nationally and locally.
Other important holidays are Independence Day (July
20), in memory of the Declaration 1810, and (August 7)
in memory of the victory over the Spaniards in 1819.
There are regional and local holidays, and every
November, Miss Colombia, a major event in a country
where female beauty is seen as important.
Senior Farc leader killed
Jorge Briceno (known as Mono Jojoy), regarded as guerrilla's foremost
military strategist, is killed in an air strike. It is a hard blow to the
guerrillas and shows that Farc members cannot feel safe anywhere in Colombia.
US presence on military bases is rejected
The Constitutional Court states that the agreement to allow the United States
to use military bases in violation of the Constitution (see October 2009).
The reason is that the decision is not rooted in Congress.
Santos will take over
In conjunction with Juan Manuel Santo's entry, Farc leader Alfonso Cano says
in a video recording that the guerrillas are prepared to start peace talks with
the new government.
Army attack against Farc
Twelve bodyguards of high-ranking leaders in the left guerrilla Farc are
killed in an attack. The army council is described as a hard blow to the pressed
Santos wins the presidential election
In the second round of the presidential election, Santos clearly wins, with
69 percent of the vote, over Antanas Mockus.
Nothing crucial in the first round of the presidential election
In the first round, Juan Manuel Santos of the Uribe faithful U party wins
with 47 percent of the vote against 21 percent for the Green Party (PV) Antanas
Mockus and about 10 percent for Germán Vargas Lleras from Radical Change (CR).
Government success in congressional elections
The congressional election will be a success for non-friendly parties. The
U-Party becomes the largest, followed by the Conservative Party (PCC) and the
Liberal Party (PLC). The Left Alliance Polo makes a bad choice. Distribution of
seats in the House of Representatives / Senate: U party 47/28, Conservative
party 38/22, Liberal party 37/17, Radical change 15/8, PIN 12/9, Polo 4/8, Green