Canadians warned of Hong Kong travel
The Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs issues a travel warning to Canadians
who are in or planning to travel to Hong Kong. It is said that because of the
new and controversial Security Act introduced by China in Hong Kong, they are
now at risk of being arrested for arbitrary reasons and brought to mainland
Overview of the capital city of Canada, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Canada extends travel restrictions
Canada extends the ban on nationals other than the United States to make
unnecessary trips to the country until July 31. This is happening at the same
time as the EU is easing its restrictions and where Canada is now one of 14
countries that are no longer affected by travel restrictions.
The USMCA trade agreement enters into force
The new United States-Mexico-Canada-Agreement (USMCA) trade agreement between
Canada, Mexico and the United States, which replaces the 1994 Nafta agreement,
will formally enter into force (see also December 2019). It
includes, among other things, new agreements on intellectual property, digital
commerce, financial services, labor law and the environment. It happens at a
sensitive time, when the corona pandemic has hit hard on all three countries'
economies. In April, trade between countries was at the lowest level in a
decade. A cloud of concern for Canada is that US President Donald Trump is
threatening to raise US tariffs on Canadian aluminum.
Human Rights Watch criticizes Canada
Human Rights Watch criticized in a report Canada that the country has done
nothing more to take home Canadian citizens suspected of being linked to Islamic
State (IS) from Syria. Of the 47 people involved, 26 are children. Prime
Minister Justin Trudeau defends the government, saying the lack of security in
the region makes it difficult to intervene and Canada has no diplomatic
relations with Syria.
Canada's credit rating is lowered
The credit rating agency Fitch lowers Canada's credit rating from AAA to AA
+. An important reason for this is the increased debt that Canada receives in
the wake of the corona crisis. According to Fitch, the national debt will amount
to 115 percent of Canada's GDP in 2020, compared with just over 88 percent
before the crisis. At the same time, the IMF has estimated that Canada's GDP
will decrease by 8 percent in 2020.
Prosecution of spy-accused Canadians in China
Two Canadians, former diplomat Michael Kovrig and businessman Michael Spavor,
who were arrested in China 2018 (see December 2018) are now
being prosecuted in a Chinese court for espionage. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
regrets that there will be a trial against Canadians and again calls on Chinese
authorities to release the men. The arrests are seen as revenge for a Canadian
legal process against Meng Wanzhou, senior manager of Huawei's Vancouver office,
after the US requested her extradition for violations of US export laws and
sanctions against Iran.
Deaths at elderly homes in Québec will be investigated
Québec's highest forensic physician, Pascale Descary, is ordering an
investigation into the many deaths that occurred in the province's retirement
homes due to covid-19 during the period March 12 to May 1. In Canada, about
8,300 people have died in the pandemic, of which more than half in Quebec. Eight
out of ten deaths in the country have occurred in elderly homes. For a period,
the military was deployed to cope with the staffing of the homes, when many of
the staff became ill or did not come to work because they were afraid of being
infected. The investigation will start in January 2021.
The border between Canada and the United States closed until July 21
The Canada-US border will be closed until July 21. This is announced by Prime
Minister Justin Trudeau. Freight traffic across the border has been able to
continue during the pandemic, but passenger traffic is estimated to have fallen
by 95 percent, according to Canadian statistics. Usually, an average of 400,000
people cross the border every day.
Protests against racism in many places in Canada
More than 10,000 protesters gather in Montreal to protest racism and police
brutality, both in the United States (then a black man, George Floyd, killed by
police in Minnesota), and at home in Canada. The protesters object, among other
things, to a statement from Québec's Prime Minister François Legault in which he
denies that there is any systematic racism in the province. Similar protests are
being held in other cities in Quebec, but also in Toronto and a number of other
Almost 7,500 dead in covid-19 in Canada
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says Canada is about to defeat the corona
pandemic, but also that it should not let go of the readiness. To date, Canada
has had nearly 94,000 confirmed cases of covid-19 and 7,495 people have died of
the disease, the majority of which have been over 60 years. 82 percent of deaths
have occurred in various nursing homes. The most vulnerable are the provinces of
Ontario and Québec and there are also most new cases reported there, but the
rate of increase has slowed down since mid-April.
Huaweichef setback in provincial court
The British Columbia Supreme Court ruled that the process of extraditing Meng
Wanzhou, a former chief executive of Huawei's Vancouver office, can also
continue as the daughter of the Chinese company's founder to the United States.
Judge Heather Holmes says the crimes that Meng Wanzhou is suspected of would
also be considered crimes if they were committed in Canada. However, the outcome
does not mean that it is clear that Meng Wanzhou will be extradited. The court
will now decide whether there is sufficient evidence to justify an extradition,
Meng Wanzhou and the company are accused of violating US export laws and
sanctions against Iran. The case has led to problems in contacts between Canada
and China (see January 2019)). The day after the court ruling,
Canada, along with Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States,
criticized Beijing's plans for a new Hong Kong security law that is believed to
violate China's international commitments.
Severe abuses in nursing homes, according to report
Military deployed in April to assist staff at five Ontario nursing homes is
now targeting a reportto the Toronto provincial government sharp criticism of
abuses there. The accommodation is said to have been dragged, not given enough
food and otherwise treated poorly. The situation is said to be extraordinarily
difficult at two of the homes, and the report points to poorly trained and
finished staff, but also staff who failed to do what they should, but who also
acted aggressively. The miscarriage is believed to have caused covid-19 to
spread in the nursing homes. In these five nursing homes alone, 175 people have
died in the disease. The fact that there were problems at the nursing home was
known for a long time. Following the change of power in Ontario 2018, when the
Progressive Conservative Party (PCP) took over, the number of inspections of the
businesses has decreased significantly. Only on April 22, the provincial
government banned staff from working in more than one nursing home.
Prosecution of terrorism for women murder
The charge against a 17-year-old boy, who in February murdered a woman at a
massage parlor and stabbed two other people in Toronto, is being sharpened. The
murder is now considered terrorism, since the perpetrator was inspired by the
so-called incel movement (incel: woman-hostile person living in involuntary
celibacy). The police believe that he has thus committed an ideologically
motivated crime advocated by a violent extremist group.
Conservative critical of missed moments
During the corona pandemic, the Canadian parliament's lower house meets via
the web for deliberations. The decisions that are made concern all the ongoing
crisis and are made by a small number of members who are present in Ottawa.
However, outgoing Conservative leader Andrew Scheer is now criticizing Justin
Trudeau for avoiding the recurring question hours in the House of Commons,
making it difficult to put the prime minister in charge of government policy.
Duff Conacher, one of the founders of the Democracy Watch organization, has also
criticized this, as it undermines the official opposition while Trudeau can use
his daily press conferences to advance the Liberals' policies.
The border with the United States remains closed until June 21
The Canada-US border will remain closed to all but necessary traffic until
June 21. This is announced by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Usually, around
400,000 people cross the border every day, and goods worth $ 2.4 billion daily
Over 5,000 dead in covid-19 in Canada
The number of deaths in covid-19 has now passed 5,000 in Canada. Eighty
percent of those who have died were elderly people who lived in nursing homes,
especially Quebec and Ontario. The crisis in nursing homes has led to military
personnel being deployed to assist the personnel. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
says reforms are now needed to make nursing homes work better and the Ottawa
government is doing its best to find the measures needed. He also announces that
the country's pensioners will receive a lump sum of 500 Canadian dollars to help
them cope with the economy during the corona crisis.
Butchery Center for Contagion in Alberta
The largest outbreak of covid-19 in western Canada has been around a large
slaughterhouse in Cargill, Alberta. There, 1,500 people connected to the
slaughterhouse have fallen ill, of which over 900 employees, and three people
have died. According to employees, the company has not followed the guidelines
set by the authorities, and tried to get them to return to work even after being
tested positive for covid-19. The health authorities had approved that the
operation could continue even after several employees had fallen ill, but the
slaughterhouse was then closed for two weeks after an employee died.
Unemployment is rising rapidly in Canada
Unemployment is rising rapidly in Canada in the wake of the corona crisis,
reaching 13 percent, the highest level since 1982, from having reached 5.6
percent in February 2020. Some provinces are more vulnerable than others, in
April, provincial government officials in Alberta says unemployment may rise to
25 percent. Three million jobs have been lost since the beginning of March.
Canada bans semi-automatic weapons
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announces a ban on semi-automatic weapons (the
rules include 1,500 different models and variants of weapons). The ban will take
effect with immediate effect. This means that no one who has such a weapon can
use it to sell or sell it, it is also prohibited to import such weapons. Those
licensed for such weapons are introduced a two-year amnesty during which they
will have to adapt to the new rules. Trudeau has long promised a ban on these
weapons, but that is only now being realized after the worst mass shooting in
Canada's history, when a man in Nova Scotia shot 22 people in April. However, it
is noted that the ban had hardly helped in the case when the perpetrator lacked
a license for the weapons he used in the act.
Canada is starting to ease restrictions
As the first province in Canada, New Brunswick is beginning to ease the
restrictions imposed to prevent the spread of the new corona virus, including by
opening parks and beaches and allowing two families to meet. There are no new
cases of covid-19 reported in just over a week. In Saskatchewan, some companies
will be able to resume their operations on May 4. Both provinces that had
relatively few cases of covid-19. Even the most severely affected provinces of
Quebec and Ontario have presented plans on how to reopen society. Québec has had
nearly 25,000 confirmed cases of covid-19 and 1 599 people have died in the
disease, while the corresponding figures for Ontario are just under 15,000 cases
and 1,002 deaths. A large part of the deaths in the two provinces have taken
place in nursing homes.
Trudeau: Too early to open up the economy
More than a thousand people have now died in covid-19 in Canada, but the
country's state epidemiologist Theresa Tam says there are some reasons for
optimism as the number of new cases does not increase as rapidly as before (they
now double every ten days instead of every third day as the situation appeared
at the end of March). So far, over 28,000 cases of covid-19 have been confirmed
in Canada. Several provinces now say that it may be time to reopen the economy.
In Québec, several industries have been added to the list of those deemed
necessary for society and appeared to be about to reopen schools before May 4,
but changed after bumping from parents and teachers. However, Prime Minister
Justin Trudeau says it is too early to abolish the restrictions now and it
should take several more weeks before they can be lifted.
The IMF predicts that GDP will shrink by 6 percent in 2020
The Canadian economy shrank by 9 percent in March alone, according to new
statistics from Statistics Canada. All in all, this means that GDP fell by 2.6
per cent in the first quarter of 2020. At the same time, a forecast from the IMF
indicates that GDP will fall by more than 6 percent, and then grow by just over
4 percent in 2021. It is pointed out However, not all sectors have been hit as
badly by the crisis, but the effects of falling oil and gas prices have not yet
had a real impact.
Federal income grants ready to be paid
As of today, residents can apply for federal grants if they lose their income
because of the corona pandemic. It's about $ 2,000 a month for 16 weeks. It
should take three to five days for the compensation to be paid. Prime Minister
Justin Trudeau says measures are also being planned for those who do not qualify
for the grant, including students. The government also announces an exception to
the travel ban for about 60,000 migrant workers who are temporarily needed in
agriculture. However, those who come to Canada must be quarantined for two weeks
before they can start working. Reservists are also offered positions in the
armed forces to increase the opportunities to assist affected communities. To
date, more than 15,500 cases of covid-19 have been reported in Canada, the vast
majority in Quebec and Ontario,here you can follow developments in Canada).
Billion investment on health care equipment
Canada will invest 2 billion Canadian dollars (1.43 million US dollars) on
new medical equipment. These include, among other things, protective equipment
for the staff that is already in short supply, but also 1,570 respirators
ordered from companies in Canada, Europe and China. Efforts are also being made
to obtain an additional 4,000 respirators. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says it
may take a few weeks to get the equipment he needs. So far, 8,500 cases of
covid-19 have been discovered in Canada and 100 people have died.
New restrictions on train and air travel
No Canadians who show symptoms of illnesses that may be covid-19 get
companies any train or air travel. The restrictions will take effect on Monday,
March 30. All passengers will undergo a health check before boarding a train or
aircraft. The rules do not apply to commuter trains. Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau urges anyone who has the flu symptoms to stay home. In Canada, 5,100
people have been reported to be infected with covid-19, and 55 people have died
from the viral disease.
Crisis packages for the economy are being expanded
$ 200 billion Canadian dollars. So big is the crisis package that Prime
Minister Justin Trudeau is now launching to counter the effects of the corona
crisis. That's almost twice the amount announced just two days earlier. The
money will, among other things, go to a 75% salary contribution to employees of
small and medium-sized companies affected by the crisis, but it also includes
new grants, tax relief and low interest rate loans to Canadian companies. At the
same time, the central bank lowers the key rate to 0.25 percent. Forecasts now
indicate that Canada's GDP is likely to shrink by 5 percent in 2020. Low
international oil prices are also hitting the economy, particularly hard hit by
the province of Alberta. Over one million Canadians have lost their jobs in just
Canada introduces mandatory quarantine for travelers
Canada introduces mandatory quarantine for 14 days for all travelers
returning home from abroad in order to reduce the spread of covid-19. The rules
take effect at midnight. Anyone who violates the rules can face up to three
years in prison or a fine of up to one million Canadian dollars (equivalent to
700,000 US dollars). Federal legislation was tightened as early as 2005, since
375 people in Toronto had contracted the viral disease sars, and 44 people died.
Ontario and Quebec tighten measures against covid-19
24th of March
Both of Canada's most populous provinces, Ontario and Quebec, are now
tightening their restrictions to prevent the spread of the new corona virus, and
order all non-essential operations to be closed.
Parliament approves crisis measures
24th of March
The Canadian Parliament is reuniting and unanimously approving a series of
crisis measures, worth $ 107 billion, but only 30 members are in the House.
These include an extra payment of child allowance, a new crisis allowance of up
to 900 Canadian dollars every other week to workers and the one-man company that
cannot work because of the ongoing pandemic and who are not entitled to sickness
or unemployment benefits, six months long deferral for reimbursement of tuition,
extra money for homeless programs and emergency aid for indigenous peoples. The
Canadian economy is also hit hard by a large fall in oil prices. At the same
time, the authorities are preparing to try to bring in Canadians who are
stranded abroad in Peru, Spain and Morocco, among others.
Canada jumps off summer Olympics
Canada's Olympic Committee calls on the International Olympic Committee to
postpone the Summer Olympics for a year due to the ongoing pandemic. It also
announces that Canada will not participate if the Olympics are held in Tokyo
this summer. The decision was made after the committee consulted with other
Canadian sports associations and with the Canadian government. Canada will thus
be the first country to withdraw from the 2020 Olympics.
New support packages from Ottawa
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announces a $ 27 billion support package to
help businesses and workers during the ongoing corona crisis. He also postpones
tax payments until August, costing the state $ 55 billion Canadian dollars. The
aid package corresponds to 3 percent of the country's GDP. To some extent, money
will be provided through unemployment insurance, tax relief for families with
children and compensation for workers who cannot work but who do not have sick
Support actions for indigenous peoples
The government announces a grant package of Canadian $ 305 million to the
country's indigenous peoples for measures to combat covid-19. Exactly how the
money is to be distributed is not yet clear.
The Canada-US border is temporarily closed
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and US President Donald Trump agree to
temporarily close the border for all unnecessary travel between countries to
prevent the spread of the corona virus that causes Covid-19. However,
cross-border trade must continue. Trump says the limit may be closed for 30
Provinces announce health emergencies
Several Canadian provinces, including Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia and
Prince Edward Island, have now announced health emergencies. Later, other
provinces and territories follow suit. In Ontario, all restaurants and bars are
closed and all public groups of more than 50 people are banned. Schools are
closed throughout the country. The provinces use different storerooms for their
health emergencies, which affects what measures the Pronunciation authorities
Canada is closing the border for foreigners
Canada closes the border for most foreigners, exceptions are made for
Americans. The measure is introduced since the number of cases of covid-19
increased to over 400 in two weeks and there are signs that there is general
infection in the community. However, it does not apply to Canadian citizens or
those who have a permanent residence permit in the country.
Ottawa advises against travel abroad
The federal government now advises against all travel abroad, in an attempt
to limit the spread of the new coronavirus causing the covid-19 disease.
However, it is emphasized by the government that it is not a travel ban. At the
same time, all Canadians who are abroad are advised to return home. It will also
limit the number of airports open to international air traffic. To date, more
than 300 cases of covid-19 have been reported in Canada. And it now has all ten
provinces in the country.
Parliament approves free trade agreements
the 13th of March
The Canadian Parliament now approves the new Free Trade Agreement with the US
and Mexico, the USMCA. This will be possible since the Conservative Party has
withdrawn its opposition to the agreement. Later that day, the Senate also gives
its approval. This is done before Parliament is temporarily closed until April
20, following the ongoing corona crisis. At the same time, the government is
empowered to take financial measures to deal with the effects of the pandemic.
All parties in the lower house agree on the decision. According to plans, the
government would have presented a new budget on March 30. Later, Finance
Minister Bill Morneau announces a support package of 10 billion Canadian dollars
to be used for loans to, above all, small and medium-sized businesses.
Provinces take measures to prevent the spread of infection
the 13th of March
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will quarantine after his wife Sophie has been
infected by the new corona virus. At the same time, several provinces face
restrictions to prevent the spread of the virus. In Ontario, for example, all
schools are closed for three weeks and, in addition, usually extends the
week-long March holiday by two weeks. In addition, all new trials with jury are
temporarily suspended. In Québec, all events are banned by more than 250
participants, with similar restrictions being imposed in several other places.
Federal Health Minister Patty Hajdu urges people to minimize their social
contacts to limit the spread of infection, including staying at home during the
upcoming March holidays. But there are differences between the provinces, while
British Columbia does not advise anyone to cancel trips abroad, even to the
United States, Ontario provincial leader Doug Ford believes Canadians should
stick to their vacation plans despite the pandemic. The national hockey league
NHL is also canceling its season. Peter MacKay and Erin O'Toole, who are
favorites to become the new leader of the Conservative Party, are suspending
their election campaigns. 117 people have contracted covid-19 in Canada, one of
whom has died in the disease.
All blockades are lifted, criticism of Trudeau
Now, the last of the blockades of rail traffic are being lifted by various
indigenous peoples representatives in several locations in Canada to highlight
their dissatisfaction with the construction of a controversial gas pipeline on
wet'suwet's traditional land in British Columbia. The blockades have become a
costly history for Canada, how much it has cost will take at least six months to
calculate, but according to calculations, costs correspond to 0.3 percent of
Canada's GDP. Opinion polls indicate that a majority of Canadians (61 percent)
are critical of how Trudeau handled the crisis, but at the same time support for
the Liberals has only diminished marginally.
Ottawa and the wet'suwet agree on preliminary settlement
The Canadian government and traditional leaders from the wet'suwet agree on a
preliminary settlement, both with regard to the disputed gas pipeline and
previous land rights disputes. This will now be discussed by clans and other
representatives of the wet'suwet. No details of what it contains have been
published. It is also clear that the traditional leaders still oppose the gas
pipeline and that the government persists in building it.
Conversation about controversial gas pipeline begins
An opening in the conflict over gas pipeline in British Columbia may now come
as talks begin between traditional leaders of the wet'suwet, who oppose the
building, and representatives of the federal government and the provincial
New protests flare up after police intervention
Police action against activists in Ontario does not lead to any increased
calm in the protests against the gas pipeline in British Columbia (see
February 24, 2020). Soon enough, the protests are on again, and stones
and other things are thrown at trains and fires are lit on the tracks. This is
criticized by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who believes that they put people
at risk, not least because many train cars contain flammable goods. He stresses
that attempts are being made to resolve the crisis, but also says in Parliament
that the blockades must be stopped. At the same time, new protests are being
launched in different parts of the country, and they are more and more about the
general struggle for the rights of indigenous peoples. Since a lot of goods are
being transported by train in Canada, the blockades have financial consequences
and, among other things, have led to staff being released.
Proposal to extend the euthanasia law
The Canadian government is proposing a legislative amendment that allows
euthanasia to be allowed even in cases where a person is not close to death by
natural means. If the proposal is approved, the ten-day reflection period will
be removed and it will also not be mandatory for a patient to give the final
approval. The latter is designed to prevent patients from deciding to end their
lives sooner than they would like to fear that they would lose the ability to
make their own decision.
Police intervene against train blockade, new blockades start
Police now intervene and cancel the blockade of train traffic on the
important east / west rail line in Ontario. There have been activists from
tyendinaga mohawk who have been behind the blockade that has been going on for
18 days. It is a sympathy campaign for the wet'suwet in British Columbia, who
are trying to stop the construction of a gas pipeline over their traditional
lands. The activists have demanded that the federal police leave the wet'suwet's
areas of British Columbia. Ten people are arrested, but are released on promise
that they will come to court the following day. However, new blockades are being
launched elsewhere, both in Montreal in Quebec and in British Columbia, while
protest marches are being held in Vancouver and Ottawa.
Companies back out oil sands projects
Teck Resources is withdrawing its application to develop a large oil sand
deposit in Alberta. The federal government would have made its decision whether
or not to launch the so-called Frontier project this week. If the deposit were
to be exploited, 260,000 barrels of oil per year could be produced there, but it
would also generate carbon dioxide emissions of over 4 million tonnes per year,
according to a study by the Impact Assessment Agency of Canada.
Ottawa: The blockades strike Canada's economy
The Canadian government is calling on activists to cease their blockade of
train traffic support for the British Columbia's wet'suwet, which is trying to
stop the construction of a gas pipeline over their traditional lands, and resume
dialogue with authorities. It emphasizes that the blockades, which have now been
going on for 18 days in different parts of the country, are hitting the Canadian
economy. The day before, the wet'suwet's leaders set up a number of conditions
for any calls: that the federal police should withdraw from their land and that
all work with the gas pipeline should cease. At the same time, courts have given
the police the right, in some cases, to intervene to lift the blockades, but
this has not yet happened. In Ontario, police and railroad company CN Rail are
calling on activists from another indigenous people, tyendinaga mohawk, to lift
their blockades, and says that if they don't, they risk being prosecuted. The
issue is sensitive to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who has reconciliation with
the indigenous peoples as an important political goal.
Gas pipeline protests stop train traffic in eastern Canada
New protests are breaking out in eastern Canada in support of the wet
Columbia suits in British Columbia, trying to stop the construction of a gas
pipeline over their traditional lands. To the east, another indian group,
tyendinaga mohawk, is acting. A large part of the train traffic in the eastern
provinces is stationary, both freight and passenger traffic are affected, and
several ports have also been blocked. The Conservative opposition demands that
the government order the police to intervene to lift the blockades, while Prime
Minister Justin Trudeau insists on trying to resolve the dispute through
continued dialogue, adding that Canada is not a country where the government
should tell the police what to do. He adds a new crisis group for this and sets
up a planned trip to Barbados.
Police intervene in protest against gas pipeline
Protests against a nearly 70-mile long pipeline for transportation of natural
gas, Coastal GasLink, will be pulled over areas belonging to indigenous peoples
to regain momentum (see January 2019). Traditional leaders of
the wet'suwet, an Indian people in British Columbia, say that no new pipelines
can be built on their land without first approving it. The legal situation is
unclear, as no land agreements were concluded between British colonial power and
the indigenous people of British Columbia. In addition, other local elected
leaders for the wet'suwet have approved the construction of the gas pipeline to
increase their ability to support themselves and reduce dependency on federal
grants. All attempts to resolve the dispute show conversations have failed.
Police now intervene to remove those who protest and try to prevent Coastal
GasLink from resuming construction work. Several people are arrested and
roadblocks set up by protesters are removed. This is done after a court order in
late 2019. The company also has support from British Columbia's head of
government, John Horgan, who said in mid-January that laws must be followed and
that Coastal GasLink has all the permits needed for pipeline construction. The
pipeline will be built to transport natural gas to export markets via a new port
in Kitimat, British Columbia. The port is built on another Native American
people, haisla's areas, and unlike the wet'suwet they are positive for the
project. Read more about what the conflict is about and unlike the wet'suwet,
they are positive for the project. Read more about what the conflict is about
and unlike the wet'suwet, they are positive for the project. Read more about
what the conflict is abouthere.
The process of approving the USMCA begins
Canada's lower house initiates the process of approving the USMCA, the new
trade agreement with the United States and Mexico. In order for the government
to get the Chamber's approval, the agreement must be approved by at least one
opposition party. In the first reading, the legislation is passed by 290
members, with only 28 votes against.
Trudeau wins the vote of confidence
Justin Trudeau's Liberal government survives its first vote of confidence in
the House of Commons after the parliamentary elections in October 2019. This is
in connection with a vote on an addition to the budget on grants for several
previously planned programs. The government's proposal is supported by 205
members, while 116 vote against (all conservative members and one green member).
All voting in the lower house that deals with money is seen as a vote of
confidence in Canada. At the same time, a motion from the Conservative Party to
establish a new committee on Canada-China relations is supported by all
opposition members, only the Liberal members voted against.
Snow records in Newfoundland
An emergency permit is announced in parts of Newfoundland in eastern Canada
following heavy snowfall. In less than a day, as much as 76 inches of snow falls
in the provincial capital of St. John and wind speeds of up to 160 kilometers
per hour are measured.
The homicide of the victim makes demands
As a result of the shooting down of an airliner in Iran on January 8, the
foreign ministers gather from the homicide victims in London. Ukraine, Sweden,
the United Kingdom, Canada and Afghanistan request that Iran cooperate on the
investigation of the incident, at all points. The countries concerned also
demand that Iran pay damages to the families of those affected.
Iran admits accidental shooting
After several days of denials, Iran's state leadership admits that the
January 8 air disaster outside Tehran was caused by Iranian air defense fire.
The concession is made with deep apologies, but also with accusations against
the United States for causing the war threat that puts the nerves in decline.
(One week after the disaster, the New York Times publishes a movie taken from a
nearby rooftop; the movie indicates that the plane was hit by two robots.) Of
the 176 people aboard the Ukrainian-owned plane, 138 were on their way to
Canada. Of these, 57 were Canadian citizens and 29 were persons with permanent
residence permits in Canada. There are at least 210,000 people of Iranian origin
living in Canada. Since 2012, Canada and Iran lack diplomatic relations.
Trudeau accuses Iran of causing a plane crash
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau accuses Iran of shooting down the
Ukrainian-owned plane that crashed the day before. He says he has evidence of
Iranian air defense firing the plane, but adds that it may have been in error.
Many Canadians are killed in a plane crash in Iran
A Ukrainian-backed aircraft crashes shortly after takeoff from Tehran and all
176 on board die. Among the passengers were 57 Canadian citizens, as well as 29
persons with permanent residence permits in Canada. Iranian authorities reject
information that Iran shot down the plane with an air defense robot, by mistake.
Canada's Prime Minister calls for a thorough investigation into what caused the
Canadian soldiers move from Iraq to Kuwait
7 th of January
After the US kills Qasem Soleimani, general of Iran's elite Revolutionary
Guards and commander of the foreign force al-Quds ("Jerusalem Force") in
Baghdad, Canada decides to temporarily relocate some of the approximately 500
Canadian soldiers stationed in Iraq to Kuwait. Iraq's parliament voted this past
weekend for a non-binding resolution urging all foreign troops to leave Iraq.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who has returned from his vacation, is reported
to have had contact with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Jordan's King
Abdullah II, among others. Canada also appeared to be close to its European
allies and the hope that the nuclear deal with Iran will survive.