Customs and traditions
Australia is today a multicultural country
(more than a quarter of Australians are foreign born)
but in many ways is still characterized by the English /
Irish traditions that the first immigrants brought with
The English / Irish influence is felt in several
ways, not least through the use of the English language
(albeit today with many "Australianisms"), an English
school system, food such as meat pies, pubs (here often
called "hotels") where you meet and take a beer, and not
least the popular national sports cricket.
Overview of the capital city of Australia, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Later, immigrants from the Mediterranean and Eastern
Europe and, more recently, from Asia, not least from
countries such as India and China, have brought new
habits, mainly to the larger cities. In Sydney, for
example, today you will find restaurants that serve food
from all over the world and it has become increasingly
common to learn languages like Chinese.
How to greet and socialize
Australians are often described as open-minded and
shock-free and joking. They greet with a "hello" or "g'day"
and by shaking hands; in a business context one should
take care, present oneself and say "pleased to meet
you". When you know someone a little better you can kiss
on the cheek (two men, however, rarely do) but hugs are
reserved for those you know well. On the other hand, you
should see the person you are talking to in the eyes,
but preferably stand at arm's length.
Punctuality is a virtue in Australia: if you are
delayed you should call and tell. In business context it
is not wrong to dress in a suit / suit, but as it is
often very warm it usually goes well with casual
clothing, only it is neat and clean.
When you meet someone for the first time you can tell
a little about yourself and why you are in Australia,
ask about the other's family and so on, but you should
avoid sensitive topics (politics etc) before you know
someone a little better. However, you can almost always
discuss sports - most Australians are interested in
everything from cricket, rugby and Australian football
to tennis, swimming and other water sports; many
exercise themselves (the climate invites that). There is
also something of a "kid culture", where the men meet
their friends ("mates"), have a few beers and watch
sports together - live or on TV.
What you eat
An Australian breakfast is similar to many other
Western countries - coffee / tea, juice, bread, eggs and
cereals. In their quarters you eat so-called English
breakfast with eggs and bacon and more. Dinner is the
main goal and often consists of steak with accessories.
Australia is known for its fine ingredients, whether
meat or beef or lamb or seafood, not to mention fruits
and vegetables. Australian specialties are vegemite, a
brown yeast extract that you bring on the sandwich,
steamers, a traditional Australian bread without yeast,
which is usually cooked over fire, as is the national
dessert pavlova, the meringue cake named after the
famous Russian ballerina (but also the neighboring New
Zealand sees pavlova). its"). Australia has many good
wines and beers to choose from.
National symbols and holidays
Australia's British roots are evident in the flag,
which is blue with a smaller British flag in the upper
left corner. Underneath is a large white star
representing the original federation, with a tip for
each sub-republic; In addition, on the right are five
more white stars in the form of the constellation
The Southern Cross, together with the kangaroo and
emun, belong to the national symbols of Australia. The
koala is also known as something typical of Australia.
The national anthem is called the Advance Australia Fair
and can be heard here: (www.nationalanthems.info/au.htm).
More famous is the song Waltzing Matilda, which is
regarded as something of an unofficial national anthem.
Since Australia is still formally part of the British
monarchy, God Save the Queen is also sometimes played.
National holidays include New Year's Day, National
Day Australia Day (January 26), Easter, Anzac Day (April
25; Anzac stands for the Australian and New Zealand Army
Corps and the day is celebrated to honor those who
fought in the First World War), the Queen's official
birthday (9 June; not celebrated in Western Australia),
Christmas holidays. In addition, there are a number of
different holidays in the individual states.
Two ministers are forced to step down
Prime Minister Turnbull experiences a setback when
two of the government ministers are forced to step down.
A minister admits that he acted inappropriately towards
a female official while visiting a bar and resigns at
his own request. The other minister is stepping aside
temporarily while the police are investigating
suspicions that he should have illegally tampered with
another politician's diary documents.
Refugee policy is criticized
Criticism is directed at Australia's refugee policy
in the United Nations Human Rights Council. Over a
hundred countries question the tough policy. On the
Swedish side, the system of handling asylum applications
outside the country is criticized and that asylum
seekers are placed in camps.
Appointment to "knight" / "lady" abolished
Prime Minister Turnbull states that the country will
end by appointing people who distinguished themselves
particularly "knight" and "lady" within the country's
order of law, Order of Australia. This highest award in
the order system was reintroduced by Prime Minister Tony
Abbott in 2014, but came quickly into the hot air as
Abbott wanted to give Queen Elizabeth's husband, Prince
Philip, this award in January 2015.
Australia joined the TPP
Australia, together with another eleven countries in
the Asia-Pacific region, including the United States,
Canada and Japan (but not China), sign a Free Trade
Agreement, the Trans-Pacific Trade Partnership (TPP).
The agreement covers 40 percent of the world economy.
However, before it can take effect, it must be approved
by the parliaments of the countries.
Air attack against IS
Australia, which is part of the international
coalition fighting the Islamic State (IS) extremist
movement in Iraq and Syria, is for the first time
launching air strikes against IS moorings inside Syria.
Turnbull becomes new prime minister
Tony Abbott loses a vote within the Liberal Party
over who should be the party's leader, and thus also
lead the government. Malcolm Turnbull, former Minister
of Communications in the government, received 54 votes
against 44 for Abbott. Turnbull thus becomes new prime
New climate targets
The government states that by 2030 it aims to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions by between 26 and 28 percent
compared with the 2005 levels.
Want to join AIIB
The Government announces that Australia wants to join
the planned Asian Bank Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
Abbott wins the leadership battle in the party
Prime Minister Abbott wins a vote of confidence in
the Liberal Party. 39 party members question his
leadership while 61 members support him.
Labor wins in Queensland
Labor wins the state election in Queensland. It is
seen as a humiliating loss to Abbott's government
Fewer support Abbott
Surveys indicate a decline in support, now below 30
percent, for Prime Minister Tony Abbott among the
people's opinion in Australia.
Prince Philip becomes a knight
Prince Philip, who is married to Queen Elizabeth II,
(Head of Australia and Britain) is given the title of
"knight" by the country's Order of Australia Order
following a decision by Prime Minister Abbott. The Prime
Minister faces extensive criticism following the
decision. The media is filled with examples of how
Philip has done away in various contexts in Australia
and Abbott is called crazy.
Agreement with Cambodia
Australia reaches an agreement with Cambodia to house
refugees in the Southeast Asian country in exchange for
Asylum-seeking hunger strikes
Hundreds of asylum seekers in an Australian camp on
the island of Manus in Papua New Guinea hunger strikes
in protest of Australia's plan to either stay in Papua
New Guinea or move to Cambodia if they are granted
Paid parental leave too expensive
Prime Minister Abbott announces that the government
will not proceed with the important issue of paid
parental leave for Abbott. The plan was from the
beginning that mothers would receive half a year's paid
leave. But the proposal was judged to be too expensive.
Abbott visits Baghdad
Abbott unexpectedly visits Baghdad where he meets his
Iraqi counterpart Haidar al-Abadi. Abbott promises
continued support in the fight against the Islamic